Scientific Binomial Name:
Coconut is a mature fruit of the cocos nucifera palm. Since the ancient times, the nut holds unique place among the millions of inhabitants in South-East Asia, and Pacific islands. It is one of the most sought-after ingredients in the kitchen as it is found in almost every delicacy prepared in these parts of the world.
Cocos nucifera belongs to the large Palmaceae family of palm trees. Coco palm grows well under tropical climates. The palm requires moist, sandy, well-drained soil and flourishes well all along the saline-rich coastal regions.
Coconut is a very versatile and indispensable fruit for most people under the tropical belt. It is a complete food is rich in calories, vitamins, and minerals. An average-size nut weighing 400 g edible meat and water provide almost all the daily-required essential minerals, vitamins, and energy for a medium-sized person.
Selection, Usage and Storage Information
Selection: Good quality coconuts will be juice heavy for their size. You can hear the milk inside a coconut when it is shaken.
Usage: Here are some serving tips:
Its slices or chunks are eaten as a snack. The kernel can be eaten in many ways. In one of the special recipes in South India, where small slices or grated coconut is mixed with jackfruit slices, honey, sugar, and banana and served as a dessert.
Fresh tender coconut water can be made special drink adding lemon slices, mint leaves, orange zest, etc.
Storage: Coconut is a very stable fruit. Dry nuts in the husks can be stored for months in cool, dry, and humid-free place. However, once cut open, fresh mature meat may deteriorate rather quickly if kept open for few hours at room temperature.
Avoid: Avoid coconuts without liquid inside or those with cracked husks and wet or moldy eyes.
Seasonal Information: Available year-round from Honduras, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico peaking from September through April..
Coconut is a very healthy nut that can be used safely as food. There are no known reactions of any sort notified so far eating it. Its delicious kernel is not only cherished in healthy but considered safe in pregnancy, infants as well as in diseased conditions.